Everything you need to know about the French presidential election | French Presidential 2022

Who are the candidates

The gap has narrowed between the two candidates given as favorites for the first round this Sunday: outgoing President Emmanuel Macron, of La République en Marche (center), and Marine Le Pen, candidate of the far-right party National Rally .

According to the polls, Macron and Le Pen are on track to win against the other candidates, which would allow them to cross swords in the second round – the opportunity to put back the duel from which the candidate of La République en Marche came out. winner in 2017.

If Emmanuel Macron was reproached for having entered the campaign late, occupied in particular by the Russian invasion in Ukraine, Marine Le Pen for her part multiplied the actions on the ground, directing her speech on the importance of power. purchase – one of the main themes of this election.

In addition to purchasing power, which tops the list of ballot box issues – by far – health, security, pensions and immigration are among the main themes of the campaign, according to an Elabe poll. released earlier this month.

Behind them, the candidate of the radical left party Jean-Luc Mélenchon has continued to progress in the voting intentions since the start of the campaign, downgrading the far-right polemicist Eric Zemmour (Reconquête) and the candidate from the right Valérie Pécresse (Les Républicains). Surprise therefore remains possible.

Emmanuel Macron (The Republic on the Move), Marine Le Pen (National Rally), Jean-Luc Mélenchon (Rebellious France)

Photo: dpa via getty images / Thomas Coex/Emmanuel Dunand

Although he benefited from a rise in support after officially entering the race, Eric Zemmour, known for his anti-immigration and anti-Islam positions, does not seem to have been able to give the necessary breath to his campaign to aspire to the second round.

To prepare the ground in case of defeat, the Reconquest candidate recently declared in the French media that he would stand in the legislative elections with the aim of being elected deputy, thus ruling out the possibility of returning to his career as a political commentator.

The environmental candidate Yannick Jadot (Europe-Ecology Les Verts) for his part has seen his voting intentions drop since the beginning of the year, environmental issues having been relegated to the background in this presidential campaign.

Photo montage of Eric Zemmour, Valérie Pécresse and Yannick Jadot

Eric Zemmour (Reconquest), Valérie Pécresse (The Republicans) and Yannick Jadot (Europe-Ecology The Greens)

Photo: afp via getty images / Bertrand Guay/Clément Mahoudeau/Thomas Samson

The other candidates

  • Fabien Roussel – Communist Party (left)
  • Jean Lassalle – Let’s resist! (center-right)
  • Anne Hidalgo – Socialist Party (left)
  • Nicolas Dupont-Aignan – Stand up France (right)
  • Philippe Poutou – New Anti-Capitalist Party (far left)
  • Nathalie Arthaud – Labor struggle (extreme left)

How is the ballot conducted?

On Sunday, the French will participate in the first round of the two-round majority uninominal ballot.

Polling stations will open at 8 a.m. (local time) in France and will close at 7 p.m. in most cities – no later than 8 p.m. for certain exceptions. In Canada, this means that after 2:00 p.m. (Eastern Time), preliminary results, based on exit polls, will begin to emerge.

Once the ballots have been compiled, the Constitutional Council will announce the results of this first round. Being then elected president of the Fifth Republic is possible at this stage if one obtains an absolute majority of the votes (50% of the votes + 1).

Otherwise, the two candidates with the most votes will face each other in the final round, on April 24. At the end of this second and final round, the candidate who has amassed a simple majority of votes will win.

French Presidential: it’s the end of the campaign for the first round, there are 12 candidates. We talk about it with Michel C. Auger, political columnist for La Presse and RC, who is in Paris to cover this election.

How can French people living abroad vote?

As of January 1, 2022, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimated that the community living abroad was over 1.6 million nationals.

To vote outside the country, the French must be registered on the consular electoral list. All registered persons received a summons by e-mail or post in which the location of the polling station is indicated.

Note that in Canada, voting in the first round takes place on April 9 and the second round on April 23.

In the first round of the last French election, in 2017, just over 40% of French people living abroad voted for Emmanuel Macron, whose victory was dedicated to the second round. At this last stage, just under 580,000 (45.84%) of them had taken part in the ballot, out of more than 1.2 million registered voters.

When will the President take office?

Under Article 7 of the French Constitution, the election of a new person as head of state must take place at least 20 days and at most 35 days before the end of the term of the incumbent president. As the transfer of power between Emmanuel Macron and his predecessor, François Hollande, took place on May 14, 2017, the five-year term of the current president will end on May 13, 2022.

It is therefore on this date, at the latest, that his successor will be invested, who will take the reins of the country for five years. After this term, he will have the opportunity to run for a second consecutive term.

The French will again be called to the polls on the occasion of the legislative elections, on June 12 and 19, 2022. Some 577 deputies, including 11 established outside France, will be appointed at the end of this exercise.

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