Prime Minister François Legault believes that it is “desirable” to reserve places for police cadets from visible or ethnic minorities in an accelerated training program, even if white women are excluded, a position that does not however make the point. unanimity.
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For several years now, the Attestation of Collegial Studies (AEC) Police Diversity program has been intended exclusively for people from under-represented groups (women, visible or ethnic minorities and Aboriginal people) in order to promote their recruitment into police forces in Province.
This accelerated training allows them, provided they already have a college diploma, to be admitted to the National Police Academy without going through the police techniques program, accessible to all.
However, for the year 2022-2023, women will now be excluded from this training under new eligibility criteria determined by the Ministry of Public Security, reported The Press Wednesday.
Prime Minister Legault believes that the decision is justified for the police community, since it is a temporary measure. “Let it be said that there are certain positions that will be reserved for visible minorities, I think it is an approach that is desirable to achieve a balance,” he said.
Once this balance is achieved, “those jobs become available to everyone,” he added.
In 2019-2020, 36% of those enrolled in training at the École nationale de police du Québec (ENPQ) were women, while only 9% belonged to a visible or ethnic minority (see other figures in the box more low).
The ENPQ has recently increased the number of places reserved for candidates who have completed the Police Diversity AEC.
Their proportion has increased from 8% last year (50 places out of 648), to 12% in the next cohort (90 places out of 756), but the total number of candidates admitted has also increased, argues his spokesperson. , Veronique Brunet. “Everyone wins,” she says.
Female enrollment on the rise
The other places are filled by graduates of the police techniques program, where the number of female students is increasing. The proportion of girls enrolled there has increased from 25% in 2011 to almost 45% in 2020.
Despite this increase, women remain underrepresented and should still have access to the AEC program, says Katia Atif, director of the organization Action travail des femmes.
“If we refer to the law [sur l’accès à l’égalité en emploi dans les organismes publics]women in this sector are under-represented so there should be no reason to exclude them,” she said.
Same story from Louise Langevin, professor at the Faculty of Law of Laval University, who considers that “the achievements of women of diversity or not are never acquired”.
For its part, the Commission des droits de la personne et de la jeunesse du Québec confirms “the existence of an under-representation” of several groups in Quebec police forces, including women. However, the organization is not involved in the process of admission to training programs, it is specified.
The Advisory Committee on Police Reality, for its part, proposes to go even further in order to promote the recruitment of racialized people.
In its final report made public last year, it recommends, in particular, implementing, in all colleges offering training in police techniques, an equal access program to promote the recruitment of under-represented groups.
“There is an urgent need to remedy the current imbalance,” it read.
Representativeness of police services
Post: Women / Aboriginals / Visible Minorities / Ethnic Minorities
- Patrollers: 28.5% / 1.2% / 3.9% / 2.2%
- Investigators: 35.5% / 0.9% / 2.7% / 1.9%
- Officers or Directors: 14.5% / 0.9% / 2.6% / 2.8%
Source: Final Report of the Advisory Committee on Police Reality, May 2021.